This glossary contains 94 pages of terms, with Chinese characters, pinyin and often Wade-Giles romanizations, plus tones and definitions and a newly introduced index. It is the most extensive glossary of terms useful to taiji students that we know of. The table of contents is presented below. See here to view sample pages. An unabridged, printed, version is available by sending $15.00 (plus $5.00 shipping & handling) per copy to Almanzo "Lao Ma" Lamoureux, 70 Hearne Road, Pittsboro NC 27312. Note: If purchasing along with the "Taijiquan Classics", shipping is $6.00 total.

Chinese terms are in the pinyin romanization. Terms in brackets, [ ], are in the Wade-Giles romanization, or in the romanization most often seen in literature. The names of notable Chinese persons are in the romanization most commonly seen in literature.

A limitation in the computer program that was used to create this document prevents the displaying of a tone mark on an uppercase letter. In those cases where this occurs in this document, we have used a lowercase letter with the proper tone mark, even though it may make the word or phrase appear unusual. In addition, the Chinese characters for the Taijiquan techniques lu and lie are specific to Taijiquan and are not generally available in computer fonts. In this document, we have substituted those characters most often used by Chinese Taijiquan players when they refer to these techniques in computer-generated documents.

This glossary is a living document. The authors welcome suggestions and additions. Readers may contact LaoMa with comments regarding this glossary.

Table of Contents
A Few Words About Romanization
  • Brief History
  • Placement of Tone Marks in Pinyin
  • Notes on Consulting a Chinese Dictionary
I - China
  1. Geography
    1. Mountains & Rivers
    2. Selected Cities & Provinces
    3. Other Places
  2. Philosophy and Religion
    1. Buddhism
    2. Confucianism
    3. Daoism
  3. Culture
    1. Chinese Calendar
      1. a) The Ten Heavenly Stems
      2. b) The Twelve Earthly Branches
      3. c) Animals
    2. Festivals
    3. Four Treasures
  4. History - The Imperial Dynasties
  5. Literature
  6. Language and Writing
  7. Written Language - History and Styles
II - Martial Arts in General
  1. General Terms
  2. Arts and Practices
  3. Body Parts
  4. Acupuncture Points and Energy Centers
  5. Qigong and Breathing
III - Taijiquan - Concepts and Principles
  1. Terms Relating to Taijiquan Form
    1. General Terms
    2. Major Stances
    3. Other Stances
  2. Interactive Energies
  3. Qualities to Cultivate
  4. Qualities to Avoid
  5. Eight Trigrams and Eight Gates
    1. Eight Trigrams
    2. Eight Gates
    3. Relation of the Eight Trigrams to the Eight Gates and Eight Directions
  6. Five Elements and Five Steps
    1. Five Elements
    2. Five Steps
    3. Relation of the Five Elements to the Five Steps
  7. The Thirteen Torso Methods
IV - Taijiquan - The Major Figures and Various Styles
  1. Taijiquan Form Names
  2. Major Figures
  3. Wudangshan 108 Style
  4. Chen Style
  5. Yang Style
  6. Wu/Hao Style
  7. Wu Style
  8. Sun Style
  9. Some Teachers Who Played a major Role in Bringing Taijiquan to U.S.
V - Taijiquan - General Techniques
  1. Hand Shapes
  2. Kicking Techniques
  3. Martial Applications in Taijiquan
VI - Taijiquan - Weapons
  1. General Terms and Concepts
  2. Weapon and Form Names
  3. Folding Fan - Parts of the Fan
  4. Chinese Straight Sword Terminology
    1. Parts of the Sword
    2. Sword Grips
    3. Basic Sword Techniques
VII - Chinese Language
  1. Numbers/Counts
  2. Directions
  3. Colors
  4. Animals Mentioned in Forms
  5. Precious Items Mentioned in Forms
  6. Conversation
    1. Basic Conversational Words and Phrases
    2. Terms of Address Used in Martial Arts
    3. Useful Words and Phrases for Taijiquan Students in the Classroom
    4. Miscellaneous Idiomatic Expressions
VIII - The Magic Tortoise Taijiquan School
  1. Our Name
  2. Terms Related to Protocols We Observe
  3. Advancement Program - Sash and Ribbon Colors
  4. Legacy of Our Spiritual Leader, Master Jou Tsung-Hwa
    1. Spiritual Philosophy
    2. Definition of Taijiquan
    3. Keys to Achieving Breakthroughs
    4. Essential Principles for the Practice of Internal Martial Art